THE NOUN CLAUSES

THE NOUN CLAUSES

A noun is used as a subject or an object

A noun clauses is used as a subject or an object, in other word, a noun clause is used in the same ways as a noun.

  1. His Story was interesting
  2. What he said was interesting

 

 

 

 

 

  1. I heard his story
  2. I heard what he said
In (a) : story is a noun, it is as the subject of the sentence

In (b) : what He said is a noun clause. It is used as the subject of the sentence. The noun clause has its own subject (he) and verb (said).

 

In (c) : story is a noun. It is as the object of the verb heard

In (d) : what he said is a noun clause. It is used as the object of the verb heard.

 

WORD USED TO INTRODUCE NOUN CLAUSES

  1. Question words
  2. Whether
  3. That
When Who Whose If  
Where Whom      
Why What      
How Which      

NOUN CLAUSES WHICH BEGIN WITH A QUESTION WORD

 

QUESTION

Where does she live?

What did He say?

 

When do they arrive?

 

(a)      I don’t know where She lives.

(b)     I couldn’t hear what He said.

(c)      Do you know when they arrive?

 

In (a) : Where she lives is the object of the verb know. Don’t use question word order in a noun clause, the subject precedes the verb.

 

Notice : does, did an do are used in question but not in noun clauses.

s                v

Who lives there?

What happened?

Who is at the door?

        s                   v

(d)       I don’t know who lives there

(e)       Please tell me what happened

(f)        I wonder who is at the door.

 

In (d) : the word order is the same in both the question and the noun clause because who is the subject in both

s         v

Who is she?

Who are those men?

Whose house is that?

        s                v

(g)       I don’t know who she is

(h)       I don’t know who those men are

(i)         I wonder whose house that is

 

In (g) : she is the subject of the question, so it is placed in front of the verb be in the noun clause.

Compare :

who is at the door?      = who is the subject of the question.

who are those men?     = those men is the subject of the question, so be is plural.

 

 

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